Prison Overcrowding: Texas

Below is a summary of information including: statistics from Texas’ Department of Criminal Justice, an overview of the state’s prison overcrowding dilemma, as well as helpful references and points of contact for those interested in resolving the problem.

Facts and Figures 2007-2008

TDCJ Costs

  • Annual budget: $2.9 billion
  • Percentage of the state General Fund allocated in the 2008-2009 Budget to Corrections: 6.2%
  • Average annual cost per inmate: $18,031

TDCJ Staff and Population

  • Total department active personnel: 38,316
  • Total incarcerated under TDCJ jurisdiction: 156,126
  • Total number of facilities: 116
  • Escaped: 6
  • Average sentence: 96 months
  • Average time served: 51.6 months

Organization of Texas Department of Criminal Justice Executive Staff, view here.


  • Facilities: 31
  • Population: 78,000

Overcrowding Quick Facts

  • Texas is second to only California in the size of its prison system
  • Texas was facing huge increases in their prison populations before calling on the Council of State Governments’ Justice Center and the PEW Charitable Trust’s Center on the States to initiate criminal justice reform; such as allocating monies to treatment centers for alcohol/drug addicts, etc.

Points of Contact

Texas Board of Criminal Justice
P.O. Box 13084
Austin, TX 78711
(512) 475-3250

Organization of state divisions, view here.

News and Media

  • ALEC member, Rep. Jerry Madden (TX), details reform initiatives in Texas, read more.
  • Texas expands community-based treatment and services, read more.

Helpful Links

Texas Department of Criminal Justice

TDCJ Annual Review 2007

See also,

Main Prison Overcrowding page